Taxes on Income
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Major components of tax expense (income) [abstract]|
|Taxes on Income||
Note 19 - Taxes on Income
A. Regional Taxation
Presented hereunder are the tax rates relevant to the Company in the years 2016-2018:
2016 – 25%, 2017 – 24% and 2018 – 23%.
On January 4, 2016 the Knesset plenum passed the Law for the Amendment of the Income Tax Ordinance (Amendment 216) - 2016, by which, inter alia, the corporate tax rate would be reduced by 1.5% to a rate of 25% as from January 1, 2016.
Furthermore, on December 22, 2016 the Knesset plenum passed the Economic Efficiency Law (Legislative Amendments for Achieving Budget Objectives in the Years 2017 and 2018) – 2016, by which, inter alia, the corporate tax rate would be reduced from 25% to 23% in two steps.
The first step will be to a rate of 24% as from January 2017 and the second step will be to a rate of 23% as from January 2018.
Corporate Income Tax rate is 29.22%. Minimum tax payments are made based on the entity’s total assets and are considered as a conditional advance tax payment on corporate income tax due in future tax periods.
As a rule, corporate income tax (named IRES from 2004) is payable by all resident companies on income from any source, whether earned in Italy or abroad, at the rate of 27.5%. Starting from 2017 the IRES rate is reduced to 24%.
Both resident and non-resident companies are subject to regional income tax (IRAP), but only on income arising in Italy at the rate from 0% (for a short period of couple of years) to 4.82%, depending on the Region.
During 2015 the company applied a tax incentive as per Article 6 paras. 13-19 of Law 23 December 2000, no. 388 (“Tremonti- ambiente”). Such incentive consisted of a reduction of the taxable profit for a fiscal year equal to the amount of investments in tangible fixed assets in the same year, which are necessary to prevent, reduce and repair environmental damages, providing these investments exceed the average environmental investments made in the two previous years. The Company determined the specific amount of environmental investments and filed the required communications with the tax authorities and recorded tax benefit in the amount of approximately €2,900 thousand. During 2017, following a tax inspection and a final settlement reached with the tax authorities, the Company reduced the recorded tax benefit by approximately €500 thousand.
As a rule, corporate income tax is payable by all resident companies on income from any source, whether earned in Spain or abroad at the rate of 25%.
The Netherlands taxation
Prior to 1 January 2019, the Dutch corporate income tax rate was 20% on the first EUR 200,000 of taxable profits (lower rate), and 25% on taxable profits exceeding that amount (standard rate). The rates will be gradually reduced - the standard rate will be reduced from 25% to 22.55% in 2020 and to 20.5% in 2021. The lower rate will decrease from 20% to 19% in 2019, to 16.5% in 2020, and to 15% in 2021.
Dutch tax laws provide for an Energy Investment Allowance (“EIA”) – a tax advantage for com-panies in the Netherlands that invest in energy-efficient technology that meet the E-ner-gy List requirements, allowing a deduction of 58% of the investment costs from the corporate income, on top of the usual depreciation. The right to the EIA is declared with the tax return, provided the investment is timely reported to the Netherlands Enterprise Agency.
B. Composition of income tax benefit (taxes on income):
C. Theoretical tax:
Statutory rate applied to corporations in Israel and the actual tax expense, is as follows:
D. Carry forward tax losses:
During 2018, following a tax inspection and a final settlement reached with the tax authorities, the Company reduced the carry forward tax losses by approximately €20,000 thousand.
As of December 31, 2018, Ellomay Capital Ltd. had available carry forward tax losses, carry forward capital tax losses and deductions aggregating to approximately €20,838 thousand, which have no expiration date.
Deferred taxes of the Company have not been recognized as the Company has carry forward tax losses. The Company's management currently believes that as Ellomay Capital Ltd. has a history of losses it is more likely than not that the deferred tax regarding losses carry forward will not be utilized in the foreseeable future.
Deferred taxes are recognized by operating subsidiaries for unused tax losses, tax benefits and deductible temporary differences, to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which they can be utilized.
E. Deferred taxes:
The entire disclosure for income taxes.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef